A gel that can help heal tooth decay

Recently in China, a team of scientists have developed a gel that can regrow tooth enamel. Tooth enamel is the hard, outer surface layer of your teeth that serves to protect against tooth decay. Usually, teeth enamel cannot grow back once it breaks or wears away due to its complicated structure covering the surface of a tooth. It is formed biologically and can therefore cannot be self-repaired, increasing the chances of cavities. However, with the new gel it is great because it is made of the same material as enamel, consisting of calcium and phosphate ions. https://www.intelligentliving.co/scientists-develop-gel-regrow-tooth-enamel/

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Artificial leaves that can turn sunlight into medicine

Like actual leaves, the artificial leaves take in sunlight and use it to create something entirely new, only instead of generating fuel for a living plant, they can produce medicine for humans. When sunlight hits certain liquids flowing through the leaves it sparks a chemical reaction. This is a process that would normally require electric power, harsh chemicals, or both, but by using sunlight to power the medicine production, it becomes much more sustainable. https://bgr.com/2019/09/10/artificial-leaf-study-solar-power-medicine/

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Using machine learning for drug development

AstraZeneca will partner with Schrödinger to use the company’s advanced computing platform to accelerate drug discovery efforts. Work conducted by AstraZeneca’s medicinal and computational chemists will be used by Schrödinger’s computational platform to improve the design of compounds. In turn, this will identify potential new therapeutic candidates. Machine learning systematically analyses data to find connections with the artificial intelligence used to deduce previously unknown connections. Results are then used to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms of disease and the compounds that can treat them. https://www.biospace.com/article/astrazeneca-bolsters-machine-learning-use-for-drug-development-with-schrodinger-deal/

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Robotic tail providing humans with advanced motor capabilities

Researchers from the Keio University in Tokyo have developed an artificial biomimicry-inspired tail capable of extending the human’s innate body functions. The appendage which predominantly enhances the user’s balance and strength could provide a multitude of benefits to various industries, including physically intensive occupations such as construction work, whereby the tail’s additional support could improve worker safety. Patients recovering from neurological or orthopedic injuries could also use the tail for rehabilitative purposes. However, this new technology currently has limitations in terms of its portability and accessibility. More information: https://www.nbcnews.com/mach/science/robotic-tail-gives-humans-key-abilities-evolution-took-away-ncna1041431

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A new way to manage your pain by tracking it

Pain ROADMAP is a mobile platform made up of an app for patients with chronic pain and a portal for clinicians. Using the app, you can keep a log of each activity you do throughout the day, your pain levels as you do those activities, what pain medication you take and when. You also wear a device around your waist, which keeps track of when you are moving and resting. Armed with this detailed information, clinicians can help you work out how to better pace your activities through the day to reduce the frequency of intense periods of pain. By using ROADMAP five out of seven people who relied on take-as-needed pain medication were able to stop taking it according to a study. Opioid medication by those in the study also decreased by 20 per cent on average. https://blog.csiro.au/managing-chronic-pain-in-more-mobile-ways/

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Detecting infections and diseases through an individual’s breath

Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have designed a organic compounds detector to diagnose diseases and infections from a patient’s breath at the point-of-care. This system is sensitive enough to detect trace levels of analytes (parts per billion to parts per trillion range), making it possible to detect specific VOCs released by a pathogen. https://app.in-part.com/login?returnTo=/articles/9Lx0Rq1Ygv26

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New therapy for those suffering Rheumatoid Arthritis

Global research-based biopharmaceutical company AbbVie has announced U.S FDA approval for their new therapy for adults with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). RINVOQ is a once-daily (15mg) oral Janus kinase inhibitor supported by data from the SELECT program – one of the largest registrational Phase 3 programs in RA. Approximately 4,400 patients were evaluated across all treatment arms in five studies. The company says that RINVOQ has the potential to help additional people living with RA achieve remission who have not yet reached this goal. https://urlzs.com/SxYV2

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Closed Loop Insulin Pump Aiding Type 1 Diabetic Patients

Insulin pumps have been around for the past decade, aiding type 1 diabetics in controlling their blood glucose levels. Previous pumps have required manual input for it to administer insulin. Recent developments of the closed loop system mean you are only required to add of discrete amount of insulin within a specific time that corresponds to the amount of carbs you are about to consume. The closed loop system then continues to monitor your blood sugar level throughout the day, automatically administering slightly more insulin as levels rise, and reducing the amount when levels lower. There are many ways to wear the pump. You can attach it to your belt, protect it in your pocket, or even clip it under your clothing. https://diabetesnsw.com.au/helpful-resources/news/artificial-pancreas-now-available-in-australia/

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Safe, automated process for the decontamination of ultrasound probes

Australian company Nanosonics have launched the latest innovation in ultrasound probe high-level disinfection: Trophon®2. A fully automated process for the decontamination of ultrasound probes, Trophon2 is safe for the environment, users and most importantly patients. Full decontamination and traceability occurs within seven minutes with the press of a button. https://www.nanosonics.com.au/trophon2/

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New app to help detect symptoms of sick children using facial recognition

This app by PainChek is designed to help with identifying the health problems in infants and children who are unable to communicate their medical symptoms and pain to health professionals. With the use of facial recognition technology, the app is able to detect and analyse any pain and signals with just the slightest change of facial expression by the child. This would be great help for medical staff and hospitals who have difficulty identifying specific and accurate problems – which will reduce the risk of misdiagnosis. https://neweconomy.media/2019/08/05/app-to-reveal-unspoken-pain-in-kids/

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Groundbreaking Aussie program to help IBD sufferers

Australia-based gut health biotech company Microba has launched a research and development program to develop gut microbiome derived therapeutics for IBD. Microba has identified distinct differences in the gut microbiome of healthy individuals and those with IBD. Using deep learning artificial intelligence, their scientists are now able to predict IBD in patients from microbiome data alone with 86% accuracy. The program aims to create novel therapeutics that will rapidly induce and maintain remission in those with IBD. Microba launched the program at BIO in Philadelphia with the Queensland Minister for Innovation, The Hon. Kate Jones in June. | http://bit.ly/2T5B37F

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